Being longer outside when it’s hot during the summer can cause health problems. The person who has been hit by a sunstroke should be immediately put in shade, into half lying position, make them comfortable and cool them.
If you have to spend a longer periods outside during the summer months, you should wear head protection. Simple cap or hat should be mandatory if you are going out.
During the summer months sunburns, allergies, food poisoning, dehydration, insect bites, and infections are more often. However, us doctors, like to point out to be especially careful with sunstroke, because consequences of sunstroke can be severe. The most sensitive populations are children and people older than 65.
Sunstroke is a consequence of a direct effect of the sunlight to the head. Your body reacts by cooling your brain by sending more cold blood to the head which leads to spreading of blood vessels and brain edema.
As a consequence of this you can get headache, dizziness, throwing up, and than fever, red face. Usually person with sunstroke has red, hot and dry skin. The person is restless, has increased breathing patterns and pules. In harder cases ear tingling, sight problems and fainting can be symptoms. Sunstroke symptoms start to show during first 24 hours of or after sun exposure.
he person who has been hit by a sunstroke should be immediately put in shade, into half lying position, make them comfortable and cool them with water, or putting cold bandages on their head. They should drink cold (but not ice cold) water or any other cold drink (coffee and alcohol should be avoided of course). When it comes to fever, the cooling process should be stopped only once the body temperature returns to normal.
If the person has fainted, give first aid by cooling the persons head and body, but also be sure to call 911 immediately. Of course, in any case you should consult your doctor even if sunstroke symptoms have passed.